Definition and Effects



Definition Of Endangered Species

Table of Contents

10 Endangered Species0|Definition and Effects10 Endangered Species1|10 Endangered Species2|10 Endangered Species3|10 Endangered Species4|10 Endangered Species5|Catholic Perspective10 Endangered Species6|10 Endangered Species7|10 Endangered Species8|10 Endangered Species9|International Agreements Made10 Endangered Species10|10 Endangered Species11|10 Endangered Species12|10 Endangered Species13|10 Endangered Species14|Solutions and Ways to Help the Problem
wwf.jpgEndangered Species [en·dan·gered spe·cies] noun; are present species that are at risk of extinction because of human activity, changes in climate, or changes in predator and prey ratios. These are just a few reasons for the extinction of many creatures. Their numbers are so few, or are declining so quickly, that the animal, plant, or other organism may soon become extinct. Endangered species are sometimes protected under national or international law. When officially designated by a government, a group such as WWF (World Wildlife Fund) will intervene with the species habitat, and look for resolutions in which to hopefully raise the population'.



The Effects
The effects of an endangered species can have catostrophic effects on an eco system. For Example, the Birtish bumblebee is slowly dying out, and as a result we are already seeing the effects. In the last 50 years, the bumblebee population in the UK alone has already seen the loss of 3 conspicious breeds and now a further nine are on the critical endagered list.
Bumblebees are major pollinators of most wild flowers and if they were to disappear, the plants would produce fewer seeds and may even vanish themselves, which would in turn cause a whole species to die out. This is also the same case in Canada, in the Niagara region where 90% of commerical colonies were lost. This has prompted a huge mystery and Ontario beekeepers have now started to question experts at the Univeristy of Guelph to investigate. The move comes amid the disappearance of million of bees in the US, hence the name "Colony Collapse Disorder". The devestation is thought to have stretched from as far as the West region to central Niagara. As some of the Niagara region are fruit growers, they are worried in the weeks leading up to May pollination period. The bee industary in Canada alone, is worth 1 billion dollars.

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Positive and Negative effects of endangered species
There seems to be more negative aspects than positives towards the inflation of endangered species. A positive effect of a species being endangered, is that certain predators are no longer a threat to humans. Also, because a species population has dropped, it means there is more food and shelter for the other creatures to obtain. There are many negatives points abaft a species becoming endangered. These can include a chain of consecutive results, in which species followed by species will die out.

The History Behind Endangered Animals
In the past, the Western civilization believed that mankind had dominion over every living thing, but as humans became more aware of their surroundings and learned the different effects (positive or negative) of animals, they began to understand the importance of the animal kingdom and the need to preserve these beasts that God had given us. As humans, we always thought that the uses of animals was solely for the purpose of farming, hunting, or exploited in any way we choose. Since the human population seemed so small in comparison to that of the animal kingdom, it was believed that there was no possible way to annihilate an entire species. Ever since the beginning of time, humans have hunted to feed themselves. As time passed, humans learned to grow crops. As this new trend began to take off, humans began killing to protect their crops from predators, as it was likely that a human would lose his crops to the hands of a hungry animal. To add to the killing, animals began to lose their habitat to humans for agricultural and expansion purposes. As their habitats began to deplete, so did the population of the animals within the area. It was not until approximately a hundred and fifty years ago that people began to notice the dwindling numbers of certain species. Although these people noticed this decreased, they did not heed the warning signs and thus began the road to animals becoming endangered, and ultimately extinct. Recently, we have learned the disheartening fact that we can annihilate not only an entire species, but multiple entireties of species. We learned that nature is not limitless, and that if we do not control how we treat them, one day we will lose these creatures. This is when the idea of conservation began.

Canada:
  • Since then, this issue has raised questions from many political parties.
  • Provincial governments have argued that wildlife is under their jurisdiction, while many environmental groups have pressured the government into being more aggressive towards saving endangered species. The corporate world has expressed a concern about the cost of protecting the endangered species. Meanwhile, scientists have stressed that it is through science, not politics, that we determine which species to protect.
  • All of this has culminated into a more conscious effort to protect endangered species.
  • Many of these aspects can be traced back into Canadian history. For example, the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada was formed as a result of heavy activism by reluctant environmentalists, scientists and others who saw the list of endangered species growing and believed that it was important for one single list of endangered species to be developed.
  • However, for one to truly understand why endangered species have become a political issue, one must look at the following events as trends throughout Canadian history:

Ø Expanding and evolving industries that exploit and consume resources with a huge impact on wildlife.
Ø Increased scientific study on the environment, and the effects of these industries on the environment. This leads to a greater understanding of the ecology of the endangered species.
Ø An ever-increasing amount of groups, agencies and individuals participating in debates and initiatives, causing some political unrest.
Ø The emergence of new environmental values among Canadians.

  • The growing public awareness is a result of the increased scientific spotlight on this issue.

Catholic Perspective


2416 Animals are God's creatures. He surrounds them with his providential care. By their mere existence they bless him and give him glory. Thus men owe them kindness. We should recall the gentleness with which saints like St. Francis of Assisi or St. Philip Neri treated animals.

From number 2416 from the Catechism of the Catholic Church, we are callled to treat animals gently, and in a manner in which St. Franics of Assisi or St. Philip Neri treated animals. Therefore, to hunt animals into extinction (as some have been) is considered wrong by the Church. God intended for us to treat animals they way we treat other huamn beings, with respect. He did not intend for us to hunt them or hurt them in anyway. By their existence, animals show the complexity of God's power to create...

Western civilization has historically seen mankind as having "domain...over every living thing" (Genesis).

International Agreements Made


The United Kingdom as well as Canada are part of the Convention on Biological Diversity and the Convention on International Trade of Endangered Species.

Convention on Biological Diversity: http://www.biodiv.org/world/map.aspx (just choose country)

Convention on International Trade of Endangered Species (CITES): http://www.cites.org/




Solutions and Ways to Help the Problem



Different Approaches to Conservation
The early 20th century, was where the first action was taken to protect these creatures. Reserves in African countries were erected where only local citizens and honourable guests were allowed to hunt. Likewise, India set up similar reserves where they protected Tigers because their population was diminishing. Hunting, loss of habitat and loss of prey were the main reasons why Tigers were becoming endangered. Lastly, Europe began to take part in this trend of creating reserves to conserve the animals. They unintentionally set up a safe habitat for smaller animals to live and grow in.

Reserves were the first step towards preservation. In the early 20th century, birds became a hot commodity, as their feathers became decorations for the wealthy to put on hats. To stop the bird population from becoming extinct, laws were put in to stop bird-hunting. These laws are still in full effect today, and only allow certain birds to be hunted, granted that you have the appropriate licenses.

Obstacles to Conservation
The final way for humans to conserve the animal kingdom and to protect rare species is to protect the very place that they inhabit. However, problems arise as business-oriented companies must sacrifice profit in order to protect the environment.